Women's Health

Women's Health

Pelvic pain

There are many possible causes of pelvic pain. The pain might be caused by a problem with one of the reproductive organs or it might be related to a non-reproductive organ such as the bladder, appendix, or colon.  Your doctor will thoroughly examine you to determine exactly what is causing your pain and develop a treatment plan to help manage or stop your pain.

Causes of pelvic pain

Some possible causes of pelvic pain include:

  • Ovarian cysts
  • Sexually transmitted infections
  • Appendicitis
  • Hernia
  • Bladder disorder or infection
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Miscarriage
  • Ovulation
  • Menstrual cramps
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Fibroids
  • Endometriosis
  • Cancer

Symptoms of pelvic pain

Pelvic pain may indicate a condition that needs medical attention. But other symptoms may also indicate a potential problem in the pelvic area:

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding or discharge
  • Menstrual cramps
  • Difficult urination
  • Pain during sex
  • Fever or chills
  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Blood related to a bowel movement
  • Bloating or gas

Diagnosing pelvic pain

Your doctor has a number of ways to determine what is causing your pelvic pain. Based on your symptoms and how you describe your pain, your doctor may order:

  • Pregnancy test
  • Blood test
  • Urine test
  • Vaginal culture to check for sexually transmitted infection
  • Imaging studies such as an ultrasound or CT scan
  • Stool test
  • Diagnostic laparoscopy (to look directly into the pelvic area)
  • Hysteroscopy (to examine the uterus)
  • Lower endoscopy (to examine the rectum and colon)

Treating pelvic pain

Your treatment depends on what’s causing your pain. Pelvic pain can sometimes be treated with medications or may involve surgery or other procedures. Your doctor will guide you in getting to the root of your pelvic pain and providing relief.